Medical College of Wisconsin
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The electronic health record as a patient engagement tool: mirroring clinicians' screen to create a shared mental model. JAMIA Open 2018 Jul;1(1):42-48



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2-s2.0-85077331465   7 Citations


OBJECTIVE: Electronic health records (EHRs) in physician offices can both enhance and detract from the patient experience. Best practices have emerged focusing on screen sharing. We sought to determine if adding a second monitor, mirroring the EHR for patients, would be welcome and useful for patients and clinicians.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: This mixed-method study was conducted in a general medicine clinic from March to June 2016. Clinicians and patients met in a specially equipped exam room with a patient-facing monitor. Visits were video-recorded to assess time spent viewing the EHR and followed by interviews, which were transcribed and analyzed using established qualitative methods.

RESULTS: Eight clinicians and 24 patients participated. Main themes included the second screen serving as a catalyst for patient engagement, augmenting the clinic visit in a meaningful way, improving transparency of the care process and documentation, and providing a substantially different experience for patients than a shared single screen. Concerns and suggestions for improvement were also reported. Quantitative results showed high patient engagement times with the EHR (25% of the visit length) compared to reports in previous studies. The median satisfaction score was 5 out of 5 for patients and 3.3 out of 5 for clinicians.

DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Providing patient access to the EHRs with this design was linked with several benefits including improved patient engagement, education, transparency, comprehension, and trust. Future studies should explore how best to display information in such screens for patients and identify impact on care, safety, and quality.

Author List

Asan O, Tyszka J, Crotty B


Bradley H. Crotty MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin