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Bipolar disorders: symptoms and treatment in children and adolescents. Pediatr Nurs 2008;34(1):84-8



Pubmed ID


Scopus ID

2-s2.0-42949143091   4 Citations


Bipolar disorders are being diagnosed with increasing frequency in children and adolescents, resulting in a need for nurses in a wide variety of settings to be aware of symptom presentation and treatment options. Symptoms can be conceptualized in a developmental context based on the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV TR) criteria. Symptoms of mania can be distinguished from other disorders, including Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, even when these disorders co-occur. Treatment options can include single or combination psychopharmacologic therapy, using a variety of mood stabilizers, atypical antipsychotic agents and subsequent treatment of residual ADHD symptoms. Additionally, therapeutic interventions for the child and family are important. While additional research is needed, appropriate treatment of pediatric bipolar disorders can lead to significant improvements in functioning and development.

Author List

Apps J, Winkler J, Jandrisevits MD


Jennifer A N Apps PhD Assistant Provost, Associate Professor in the Psychiatry department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Matthew Jandrisevits PhD Assistant Professor in the Psychiatry department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent Psychiatry
Antidepressive Agents
Antimanic Agents
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Behavior Therapy
Bipolar Disorder
Child Psychiatry
Diagnosis, Differential
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
Information Services
Nurse's Role
Nursing Assessment
Patient Education as Topic
Pediatric Nursing
Psychiatric Nursing
Psychiatric Status Rating Scales