Medical College of Wisconsin
CTSICores SearchResearch InformaticsREDCap

Consumption of non-nutritive sweeteners during pregnancy. Am J Obstet Gynecol 2020 08;223(2):211-218

Date

04/11/2020

Pubmed ID

32275895

DOI

10.1016/j.ajog.2020.03.034

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85084204967   11 Citations

Abstract

In an effort to reduce sugar consumption to prevent diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular diseases, "sugar-free" or "no added sugar" products that substitute sugar with non-nutritive sweeteners (NNSs) (eg, Splenda, Sweet'N Low, and Stevia) have become increasingly popular. The use of these products during pregnancy has also increased, with approximately 30% of pregnant women reporting intentional NNS consumption. In clinical studies with nonpregnant participants and animal models, NNSs were shown to alter gut hormonal secretion, glucose absorption, appetite, kidney function, inA vitro insulin secretion, adipogenesis, and microbiome dysbiosis of gut bacteria. In pregnant animal models, NNS consumption has been associated with altered sweet taste preference later in life and metabolic dysregulations in the offspring (eg, elevated body mass index, increased risk of obesity, microbiome dysbiosis, and abnormal liver function tests). Despite the accumulating evidence, no specific guidelines for NNS consumption are available for pregnant women. Furthermore, there are limited clinical studies on the effects of NNS consumption during pregnancy and postpartum and long-term outcomes in the offspring.

Author List

Palatnik A, Moosreiner A, Olivier-Van Stichelen S

Authors

Stephanie Olivier-Van Stichelen PhD Assistant Professor in the Biochemistry department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Anna Palatnik MD Associate Professor in the Obstetrics and Gynecology department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Diet
Female
Humans
Maternal Nutritional Physiological Phenomena
Non-Nutritive Sweeteners
Pregnancy
Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects