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ACR Appropriateness Criteria® Radiologic Management of Urinary Tract Obstruction. J Am Coll Radiol 2020 May;17(5S):S281-S292



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Acute obstructive uropathy is a medical emergency, which often is accompanied by acute renal failure or sepsis. Treatment options to resolve the acute obstructive process include conservative medical management, retrograde ureteral stenting, or placement of percutaneous nephrostomy or nephroureteral catheters. It is important to understand the various treatment options in differing clinical scenarios in order to guide appropriate consultation. Prompt attention to the underlying obstructive process is often imperative to avoid further deterioration of the patient's clinical status. A summary of the data and most up-to-date clinical trials regarding treatment options for urinary tract obstruction is outlined in this publication. The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical conditions that are reviewed annually by a multidisciplinary expert panel. The guideline development and revision include an extensive analysis of current medical literature from peer reviewed journals and the application of well-established methodologies (RAND/UCLA Appropriateness Method and Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development, and Evaluation or GRADE) to rate the appropriateness of imaging and treatment procedures for specific clinical scenarios. In those instances where evidence is lacking or equivocal, expert opinion may supplement the available evidence to recommend imaging or treatment.

Author List

Expert Panel on Interventional Radiology, Scheidt MJ, Hohenwalter EJ, Pinchot JW, Ahmed O, Bjurlin MA, Braun AR, Kim CY, Knavel Koepsel EM, Schramm K, Sella DM, Weiss CR, Lorenz JM


Eric J. Hohenwalter MD Chief, Professor in the Radiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Matthew J. Scheidt MD Assistant Professor in the Radiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin

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