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Vaccinating in the Emergency Department, a Novel Approach to Improve Influenza Vaccination Rates via a Quality Improvement Initiative. Pediatr Qual Saf 2020 Jul-Aug;5(4):e322

Date

08/09/2020

Pubmed ID

32766495

Pubmed Central ID

PMC7351463

DOI

10.1097/pq9.0000000000000322

Abstract

Introduction: Annual influenza vaccination is recommended for all US children 6 months and older to prevent morbidity and mortality. Despite these recommendations, only ~50% of US children are vaccinated annually. Influenza vaccine administration in the pediatric emergency department (ED) is an innovative solution to improve vaccination rates. However, during the 2017-2018 influenza season, only 75 influenza vaccinations were given in this tertiary care ED. We aimed to increase the number of influenza vaccines administered to ED patients from 75 to 1,000 between August 2018 and March 2019.s.

Methods: Process mapping identified potential barriers and solutions. Key interventions included mandatory vaccine screening, creation of a vaccine administration protocol, education for family, provider, and nursing, a revised pharmacy workflow, and weekly staff feedback. Interventions were tested using plan-do-study-act cycles. The process measure was the percent of patients screened for vaccine status. The primary outcome was the number of influenza vaccines administered. The balancing measures were ED length of stay (LOS), wasted vaccines, and financial impact on the institution.

Results: We included 33,311 children in this study. Screening for vaccine status improved from 0% to 90%. Of those screened, 58% were eligible for vaccination, and 8.5% of eligible patients were vaccinated in the ED. In total, 1,323 vaccines were administered with no significant change in ED LOS (139 min) and no lost revenue to the hospital.

Conclusions: We implemented an efficient, cost-effective, influenza vaccination program in the pediatric ED and successfully increased vaccinations in a population that might not otherwise receive the vaccine.

Author List

Baumer-Mouradian SH, Kleinschmidt A, Servi A, Jaworski B, Lazarevic K, Kopetsky M, Nimmer M, Hanson T, Gray MP, Drendel AL

Authors

Shannon H. Baumer-Mouradian MD Assistant Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Amy L. Drendel DO Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin