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Swim Program Pilot for Children with Autism: Impact on Behaviors and Health. West J Nurs Res 2021 Apr;43(4):356-363

Date

08/17/2020

Pubmed ID

32795155

DOI

10.1177/0193945920948867

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85089373448 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)   2 Citations

Abstract

The purpose of this mixed methods pre-/post-pilot intervention study was to assess parental psychological health and child challenging behaviors before and after a swimming program for children with autism. Participants were 10 parent-child dyads. Child's challenging behaviors were lower in the post testing (Cohen's dā€‰=ā€‰0.07-0.45). Mean scores were improved for parent perception of general health (Cohen's dā€‰=ā€‰0.22). Three themes emerged from the post swim program focus group: (a) Parent satisfaction with instructors with sub themes (i) firmness (ii) creativity, and (iii) promotion of social interaction and sharing, (b) improved child sleeping, and (c) family dynamics with sub themes (i) siblings wanted to swim and (ii) parents' fear of drowning. Preliminary results point to improved child behaviors and parent perception of general health. Future studies can focus on expanding the swim program to include all family members.

Author List

Johnson NL, Bekhet AK, Karenke T, Garnier-Villarreal M

Author

Norah Johnson PhD Assistant Professor in the College ofnursing department at Marquette University




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autistic Disorder
Child
Child Behavior
Drowning
Humans
Parents
Swimming