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Developing Validity Evidence for a Patient- and Family-Centered Rounds Presenter Empowerment Action Rating Tool. Acad Pediatr 2021 04;21(3):569-574

Date

10/11/2020

Pubmed ID

33038567

DOI

10.1016/j.acap.2020.09.015

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85095616558

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Training in patient- and family-centered care is endorsed by the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) and the Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education (ACGME) for learners. The AAP recommends patient- and family-centered rounds (PFCR) during inpatient care. The PEA-21 (21-item Presenter Empowerment Action checklist) was developed to evaluate presenter behavior during PFCR.

OBJECTIVE: To gather validity evidence for the PEA-21 in evaluating third year medical student and intern presentations during PFCR in the domains of Data Accuracy, Communication Skills, Assessment and Plan Formation, and Family Interaction.

METHODS: A 24-month prospective cohort study of students and interns presenting on PFCR. Content, response process, internal structure, and relationship with other variables were assessed.

RESULTS: Data were collected from 101 rounds (758 individual patient encounters), both on pediatric subspecialty and hospital medicine teams. Presenters included third- and fourth-year medical students and interns in pediatrics, internal medicine-pediatrics, and family-medicine. Intraclass correlations between observers ranged from 0.5 to 0.72. Internal consistency showed α >0.7 for 3 of 4 domains. Interns scored higher than students across domains (P< .01), but students' scores improved throughout their rotations (d = 0.2-0.8). Both groups performed lowest in the Family Interaction Domain.

CONCLUSIONS: The PEA-21 showed strong validity properties including content, response process, internal structure, and relationship with other variables and can be used by educators to assess learners' skill levels and provide formative feedback to both medical students and interns. Targeted efforts are needed to improve skills within the Family Interaction Domain for both medical students and interns.

Author List

Vepraskas SH, Lauck S, Hadjiev J, Porada K, Toth H, Treat R, Weisgerber M

Authors

Jennifer M. Hadjiev MD Assistant Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Sara M. Lauck MD Assistant Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Heather Toth MD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Robert W. Treat PhD Associate Professor in the Academic Affairs department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Sarah Vepraskas MD Assistant Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin