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Diametric effects of bacterial endotoxin lipopolysaccharide on adrenal and Leydig cell steroidogenic acute regulatory protein. Endocrinology 2000 Nov;141(11):4000-12



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0033679883   74 Citations


Immune activation results in the activation of adrenal steroidogenesis and inhibition of gonadal steroidogenesis. Previous studies indicated that these effects were caused primarily by activation and suppression of the secretion of ACTH and LH, respectively. However, other evidence indicated a direct effect of the immune system on the gonads. In this study, serum testosterone, quantitated by RIA after lipopolysaccharide injection, showed a significant decrease within 2 h. Parallel measurement of serum LH showed no change. There were no differences in LH receptor or cAMP produced in Leydig cells between vehicle- and lipopolysaccharide-injected mice. The 30-kDa form of the steroidogenic acute regulatory (StAR) protein was quantitated, by Western blot, in Leydig cells and was found to decrease in a time-dependent manner. No change in StAR protein messenger RNA (mRNA) was detected by Northern analysis during this time, nor were any changes found in the levels of mRNA for the steroidogenic enzymes P450scc, 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase delta4-delta5-isomerase, or P450c17. In the adrenal, StAR protein was increased, as was StAR protein mRNA. No changes were observed in the levels of mRNA for P450scc, 3beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase delta4-delta5-isomerase, or P450c21. Thus, although the mechanisms of regulation differ, changes in the levels of StAR protein are a sensitive indicator of the steroidogenic capacity of these two tissues.

Author List

Hales KH, Diemer T, Ginde S, Shankar BK, Roberts M, Bosmann HB, Hales DB


Salil Ginde MD, MPH Associate Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

3-Hydroxysteroid Dehydrogenases
Adrenal Glands
Blotting, Northern
Cholesterol Side-Chain Cleavage Enzyme
Escherichia coli
Leydig Cells
RNA, Messenger
Steroid 21-Hydroxylase