Medical College of Wisconsin
CTSICores SearchResearch InformaticsREDCap

Pediatric nonalcoholic fatty liver disease and the microbiome: Mechanisms contributing to pathogenesis and progression. Curr Opin Endocr Metab Res 2021 Aug;19:22-29



Pubmed ID


Pubmed Central ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85107994671 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)   2 Citations


Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common form of pediatric liver disease in the United States, and often associated with obesity and metabolic syndrome. NAFLD comprises a broad spectrum of liver diseases, from hepatic steatosis to steatohepatitis, fibrosis and cirrhosis. Disease progression is considered a multi-modal process of liver injury. The intestinal microbiome has been implicated in several aspects of NAFLD pathophysiology. Pediatric studies associating the intestinal microbiome with NAFLD have been limited in number and complicated by inconsistencies in study design and approach. Nevertheless, they provide support for involvement of the intestinal microbiome in NAFLD development and progression and point to common mechanisms shared by microbiome-associated inflammatory diseases with potential to inform future therapeutic intervention.

Author List

Salzman NH, Schwimmer JB


Nita H. Salzman MD, PhD Director, Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin