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Inhibition of intestinal lipid peroxidation does not minimize morphologic damage. J Surg Res 1993 Nov;55(5):553-8

Date

11/01/1993

Pubmed ID

8231175

DOI

10.1006/jsre.1993.1183

Abstract

Free radical-initiated lipid peroxidation (LP) following intestinal ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) may disrupt mucosal integrity. It is unknown if inhibition of LP prevents this injury. We analyzed rat ileum, subjected to I/R, for evidence of LP inhibition and structural damage following treatment with the 21-aminosteroid, U74389F, a potent LP inhibitor. Four groups of Lewis rats were studied after superior mesenteric artery occlusion with ligation of collateral arcades: (i) no ischemia, (ii) 10 min ischemia, (iii) 10 min ischemia + 1 hr reperfusion, (iv) 10 min ischemia + 1 hr reperfusion + U74389F (6 mg/kg i.v. prior to clamp removal and reperfusion). Ileal mucosa was analyzed for: 9i0 superoxide dismutase (SOD; U/mg protein), a key antioxidant enzyme, (ii) myeloperoxidase (MPO; U/mg protein), an index of PMN stimulation, (iii) malondialdehyde (MDA; pmole/mg), an end product of LP, and (iv) routine histology. MDA rose from 2.09 +/- 0.44 (mean +/- SE) in Group 1 to 15.10 +/- 2.22 in Group 3 following I/R (P < 0.01). In Group 2 and Group 4, MDA remained unchanged at 3.25 +/- 1.38 and 1.73 +/- 0.15, respectively. MPO, likewise, rose during I/R from 0.59 +/- 0.17 in Group 1 to 1.10 +/- 0.13 in Group 3 (P = 0.08) and 1.49 +/- 0.24 in Group 4 (P < 0.05). SOD did not vary significantly in the four groups studied. Despite PMN stimulation indicated by increased MPO with reperfusion, no PMN infiltration was seen histologically. U74389F normalized MDA, indicating effective inhibition of LP; however, similar epithelial sloughing and edema and hemorrhage in the lamina propria were seen in treated and untreated rats. These data implicate MDA-independent or possibly LP-independent pathways in intestinal morphologic damage occurring with I/R.

Author List

Van Ye TM, Roza AM, Pieper GM, Henderson J Jr, Johnson CP, Adams MB

Authors

Christopher P. Johnson MD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Allan M. Roza MD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Animals
Constriction
Free Radicals
Ileum
Intestinal Mucosa
Intestines
Ischemia
Lipid Peroxidation
Male
Malondialdehyde
Mesenteric Artery, Superior
Neutrophils
Peroxidase
Pregnatrienes
Rats
Rats, Inbred Lew
Reperfusion Injury
jenkins-FCD Prod-478 d1509cf07a111124a2d122fd3df854cc0b993c00