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Albumin Infusion in Patients with Cirrhosis: Time for POCUS-Enhanced Physical Examination. Cardiorenal Med 2021;11(4):161-165



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85111697776   2 Citations


Objective assessment of fluid status is of utmost significance in the management of patients with complex disorders involving hemodynamics and multi-organ crosstalk such as cardiorenal or hepatorenal syndrome. The role of volume expansion using intravenous albumin in the setting of hepatorenal syndrome has been an everlasting debate among clinicians. With the accumulating evidence on the deleterious consequences of iatrogenic fluid overload, empiric albumin administration in these patients has been the focus of much attention, and the findings of recent studies suggest a higher incidence of pulmonary complications with albumin. Poor sensitivity of conventional physical examination has led to an interest in the utility of novel noninvasive bedside tools such as point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) to evaluate hemodynamics more precisely. Once confined to specialties such as obstetrics and emergency medicine, the scope of diagnostic POCUS is rapidly expanding in other fields including internal medicine and nephrology. Herein, we offer our perspective on the emerging role of POCUS for objective evaluation of patients with suspected hepatorenal physiology based on our experience. We propose that future clinical trials consider incorporating this strategy and explore the impact of POCUS-guided therapy on the outcomes.

Author List

Koratala A, Ronco C, Kazory A


Abhilash Koratala MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Liver Cirrhosis
Physical Examination
Point-of-Care Systems