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Adenovirus E1A proteins regulate phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase gene transcription through multiple mechanisms. J Biol Chem 1996 Apr 05;271(14):8082-8



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0029870186   10 Citations


Recently, Kalvakolanu et al. (Kalvakolanu, D. V. R., Liu, J., Hanson, R. W., Harter, M. L., and Sen, G. C. (1992) J. Biol. Chem. 267, 2530-2536) showed that E1A inhibited the basal and cAMP-stimulated transcription of the gene for phosphoenolpyruvate carboxykinase (PEPCK). This inhibition was mediated by the conserved region 1 (CR1) domain of E1A, which has been shown by other laboratories to bind to the cellular transcriptional adaptor proteins, p300 and cAMP response element binding protein (CREB)-binding protein (CBP). The PEPCK gene promoter contains a functional cAMP-response element, through which CREB and, therefore, CBP modulate transcription, and a consensus p300 DNA binding sequence is also present in a distal protein binding site of the promoter. We hypothesized that E1A might inhibit PEPCK gene transcription by binding to p300 and/or CBP. Surprisingly, we found that E1A consistently stimulated basal transcription from the PEPCK promoter in transfection assays in adenovirus (Ad)-infected HepG2 hepatoma cells or E1A-expressing, stably transfected 3T3 fibroblasts and nuclear run-on assays in Ad-infected H4IIE hepatoma cells. E1A also enhanced the stimulation of PEPCK gene transcription by Bt2cAMP. In transfection assays, wild type Ad5 expressing both 243R and 289R forms of E1A or a mutant virus expressing the 289R form alone stimulated transcription from the PEPCK promoter by approximately 5-fold 20 h postinfection. However, no stimulation was observed in cells infected with a virus expressing either the 243R protein alone or a 289R protein from which conserved region 3 (CR3) was mutated. Mutation or deletion of CR1 of E1A had no significant effect on transcription from the PEPCK promoter. Mutations within conserved region 2 (CR2) of E1A that inhibit the binding of E1A to the retinoblastoma gene product (pRb) further enhanced the stimulation of transcription from the PEPCK promoter by 2 3-fold compared with wild type E1A. These findings suggested that the normal function of pRb is to stimulate PEPCK gene transcription, and that this process is inhibited by the binding of E1A to pRb. This hypothesis was confirmed by overexpressing pRb in HepG2 cells, which stimulated transcription from the PEPCK promoter. Our findings indicate that Ad E1A regulates PEPCK gene transcription through a stimulatory mechanism involving CR3, and by attenuating a stimulatory effect of pRb through CR2.

Author List

Klemm DJ, Colton LA, Ryan S, Routes JM

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adenovirus E1A Proteins
Cyclic AMP
Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
Liver Neoplasms, Experimental
Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase (ATP)
Phosphoenolpyruvate Carboxykinase (GTP)
Point Mutation
Promoter Regions, Genetic
Retinoblastoma Protein
Structure-Activity Relationship
Transcription, Genetic
Tumor Cells, Cultured