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Role of collecting duct principal cell NOS1β in sodium and potassium homeostasis. Physiol Rep 2021 10;9(20):e15080



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The nitric oxide (NO)-generating enzyme, NO synthase-1β (NOS1β), is essential for sodium (Na+ ) homeostasis and blood pressure control. We previously showed that collecting duct principal cell NOS1β is critical for inhibition of the epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) during high Na+ intake. Previous studies on freshly isolated cortical collecting ducts (CCD) demonstrated that exogenous NO promotes basolateral potassium (K+ ) conductance through basolateral channels, presumably Kir 4.1 (Kcnj10) and Kir 5.1 (Kcnj16). We, therefore, investigated the effects of NOS1β knockout on Kir 4.1/Kir 5.1 channel activity. Indeed, in CHO cells overexpressing NOS1β and Kir 4.1/Kir 5.1, the inhibition of NO signaling decreased channel activity. Male littermate control and principal cell NOS1β knockout mice (CDNOS1KO) on a 7-day, 4% NaCl diet (HSD) were used to detect changes in basolateral K+ conductance. We previously demonstrated that CDNOS1KO mice have high circulating aldosterone despite a high-salt diet and appropriately suppressed renin. We observed greater Kir 4.1 cortical abundance and significantly greater Kir 4.1/Kir 5.1 single-channel activity in the principal cells from CDNOS1KO mice. Moreover, blocking aldosterone action with in vivo spironolactone treatment resulted in lower Kir 4.1 abundance and greater plasma K+ in the CDNOS1KO mice compared to controls. Lowering K+ content in the HSD prevented the high aldosterone and greater plasma Na+ of CDNOS1KO mice and normalized Kir 4.1 abundance. We conclude that during chronic HSD, lack of NOS1β leads to increased plasma K+ , enhanced circulating aldosterone, and activation of ENaC and Kir 4.1/Kir 5.1 channels. Thus, principal cell NOS1β is required for the regulation of both Na+ and K+ by the kidney.

Author List

Hyndman KA, Isaeva E, Palygin O, Mendoza LD, Rodan AR, Staruschenko A, Pollock JS


Olena Isaeva PhD Assistant Professor in the Cell Biology, Neurobiology and Anatomy department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

CHO Cells
Ion Transport
Kidney Tubules, Collecting
Mice, Knockout
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type I
Potassium Channels, Inwardly Rectifying