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Primary Causes of Hypertensive Crisis. Crit Care Clin 2022 Apr;38(2):375-391

Date

04/05/2022

Pubmed ID

35369952

DOI

10.1016/j.ccc.2021.11.016

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85127353653

Abstract

Hypertensive crisis, especially in children, is a rare condition and is defined as a sudden and abrupt elevation in blood pressure that poses a threat of rapid onset of end-organ damage. Symptomatic hypertension requires urgent and thorough evaluation and management. In most patients with hypertensive crisis, a specific cause can be found with targeted investigation. History and physical examination will guide the assessment for cause and urgency of management. This article discusses common and rare causes of severe hypertension in infancy, childhood, and adulthood. Clinical features that indicate possible serious underlying disease associated with severe and symptomatic hypertension are outlined.

Author List

Van Why SK, Pan CG

Authors

Cynthia G. Pan MD Adjunct Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Scott K. Van Why MD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adult
Antihypertensive Agents
Blood Pressure
Child
Emergencies
Humans
Hypertension
Risk Factors