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Activities of superoxide dismutases and NADPH oxidase in neutrophils obtained from asthmatic and normal donors. Inflammation 1993 Jun;17(3):361-70

Date

06/01/1993

Pubmed ID

8392494

DOI

10.1007/BF00918997

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0027241747   40 Citations

Abstract

PMN obtained from asthmatic subjects demonstrate a heightened respiratory burst with increased superoxide generation compared to normals. This enhanced superoxide anion generation could be secondary to increased activity of the respiratory burst NADPH oxidase or diminished metabolism of superoxide via superoxide dismutase (SOD). The two forms of SOD expressed in PMN, CuZnSOD expressed constitutively in the cytosol and inducible mitochondrial MnSOD, were investigated in asthmatics. Resting PMN from asthmatics (N = 9) contained significantly less MnSOD activity compared to controls (0.46 +/- 0.16 vs. 0.79 +/- 0.17 units/10(7) PMN, respectively; P = 0.0002). As several cytokines including interleukins (IL) -1, -4, and -6 as well as granulocyte macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) enhance the PMN respiratory burst and are synthesized in the asthmatic lung, their effects on PMN MnSOD activity were assayed. In contrast to its effects on lymphocytes, both IL-1 and IL-6 significantly inhibited in a dose-dependent fashion the induction of MnSOD in PMN from normals (0.42 +/- 0.12 and 0.45 +/- 0.05 units/10(7) PMN, respectively, at 10 units/ml of each cytokine; P = 0.02 compared to resting cells) but failed to further modulate MnSOD production in asthmatic PMN. IL-4 and GM-CSF had no effect on MnSOD production, and TNF effects could not be studied because of its effects on cell viability. There were no differences in the activity of CuZnSOD (N = 9) or NADPH oxidase (N = 4) in the two groups. Inhibition of MnSOD activity in PMN secondary to cytokine exposure in the asthmatic lung could explain, at least in part, the increased generation of superoxide from PMN obtained from asthmatics. This would promote the presence and severity of inflammation in the asthmatic lung. These data further support a role for IL-1 and IL-6 in allergic inflammation.

Author List

Joseph BZ, Routes JM, Borish L



MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Asthma
Cells, Cultured
Cytokines
Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor
Humans
Interleukins
NADH, NADPH Oxidoreductases
NADPH Oxidases
Neutrophils
Respiratory Burst
Superoxide Dismutase
Superoxides
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha