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Factors Associated with Colorectal Cancer Prevalence Among Long-Haul Truck Drivers in the United States. Am J Health Promot 2022 Sep;36(7):1142-1151

Date

04/13/2022

Pubmed ID

35410488

Pubmed Central ID

PMC9420779

DOI

10.1177/08901171221090500

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85129277747

Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine the age-adjusted association between colorectal cancer (CRC) risk factors and CRC prevalence among long-haul truck drivers (aged 21-85), after adjustment for age.

DESIGN: Pooled cross-sectional analysis using Commercial Driver Medical Exam (CDME) data. Setting. National survey data from January 1, 2005, to October 31, 2012.

PARTICIPANTS: 47,786 commercial motor vehicle drivers in 48 states.

MEASURES: CRC prevalence was the primary outcome; independent variables included demographics, body mass index (BMI), and concomitant medical conditions.

ANALYSIS: Kruskal-Wallis tests to analyze continuous variables; Fischer's exact tests to analyze categorical variables; univariate and multivariable logistic regression for rare events (Firth method) to quantify the association between the independent variables of interest and CRC prevalence. Odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were adjusted for age, gender, years with current employer, year of exam, and BMI in a multivariate logistic regression.

RESULTS: Many factors were statistically significant. Obesity (OR = 3.14; 95% CI = 1.03-9.61) and increasing age (OR = 1.10 per year; 95% CI = 1.07-1.13) were significantly associated with CRC prevalence. Truckers with 4 or more concomitant medical conditions were significantly more likely to have CRC (OR = 7.03; 95% CI = 1.83-27.03).

CONCLUSIONS: Our findings highlight mutable risk factors and represent an opportunity for intervention that may decrease CRC morbidity and mortality among truck drivers, a unique population in the United States estimated to live up to 16 years less than the general population.

Author List

Rogers CR, May FP, Petersen E, Brooks E, Lopez JA, Kennedy CD, Thiese MS

Author

Charles R. Rogers PhD Center Associate Director, Associate Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Automobile Driving
Colorectal Neoplasms
Cross-Sectional Studies
Humans
Motor Vehicles
Obesity
Prevalence
Risk Factors
United States