Medical College of Wisconsin
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Attitudes Toward Genomic Testing and Prostate Cancer Research Among Black Men. Am J Prev Med 2018 Nov;55(5 Suppl 1):S103-S111

Date

01/24/2019

Pubmed ID

30670195

Pubmed Central ID

PMC6352989

DOI

10.1016/j.amepre.2018.05.028

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85055652448   32 Citations

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Black men are diagnosed with prostate cancer at nearly twice the rate of white men and are underrepresented in prostate cancer research, including validation studies of new clinical tools (e.g., genomic testing). Because healthcare system mistrust has contributed to these disparities for centuries, black men may be less inclined to pursue novel testing, and identification of facilitators to their participation in prostate cancer research studies remains warranted.

METHODS: A community-engaged approach involving a partnership with a community organization was used to conduct seven focus groups in Minnesota, Alabama, and California to explore black men's attitudes toward prostate cancer research participation and genomic testing for prostate cancer. Data were collected and analyzed from April 2015 to April 2017.

RESULTS: Identified genomic testing barriers included a lack of terminology understanding, healthcare system mistrust, reluctance to seek medical care, and unfavorable attitudes toward research. Facilitators included family history, value of prevention, and the desire for health education. Lack of prostate cancer knowledge, prostate-specific antigen testing confusion, healthcare system distrust, and misuse of personal health information were barriers to research study participation. Some black men were motivated to participate in research if it was seen as constructive and transparent.

CONCLUSIONS: Disparities for black men can both motivate and disincentivize participation depending upon a positive or negative view of research. Confusion over prostate cancer clinical care has fueled some mistrust among black men affecting both clinical care and research participation. With increased education, health literacy, and assurances of research integrity and transparency, black men may be more willing to participate in prostate cancer testing and research.

SUPPLEMENT INFORMATION: This article is part of a supplement entitled African American Men's Health: Research, Practice, and Policy Implications, which is sponsored by the National Institutes of Health.

Author List

Rogers CR, Rovito MJ, Hussein M, Obidike OJ, Pratt R, Alexander M, Berge JM, Dall'Era M, Nix JW, Warlick C

Author

Charles R. Rogers PhD Center Associate Director, Associate Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Adult
African Americans
Aged
Early Detection of Cancer
Genetic Testing
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
Health Literacy
Health Status Disparities
Healthcare Disparities
Humans
Male
Mass Screening
Middle Aged
Patient Participation
Prostatic Neoplasms
Trust
United States
Young Adult