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Prospective Risk Stratification Identifies Healthcare Utilization Associated with Home Oxygen Therapy for Infants with Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia. J Pediatr 2022 Dec;251:105-112.e1



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85138832220 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)   1 Citation


OBJECTIVE: To test whether prospective classification of infants with bronchopulmonary dysplasia identifies lower-risk infants for discharge with home oxygen who have fewer rehospitalizations by 1 year after neonatal intensive care unit discharge.

STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective single-center cohort that included infants from 2016 to 2019 with bronchopulmonary dysplasia, defined as receiving respiratory support at 36 weeks of postmenstrual age. "Lower-risk" infants were receiving ≤2 L/min nasal cannula flow, did not have pulmonary hypertension or airway comorbidities, and had blood gas partial pressure of carbon dioxide <70 mm Hg. We compared 3 groups by discharge status: lower-risk room air, lower-risk home oxygen, and higher-risk home oxygen. The primary outcome was rehospitalization at 1 year postdischarge, and the secondary outcomes were determined by the chart review and parent questionnaire.

RESULTS: Among 145 infants, 32 (22%) were lower-risk discharged in room air, 49 (32%) were lower-risk using home oxygen, and 64 (44%) were higher-risk. Lower-risk infants using home oxygen had rehospitalization rates similar to those of lower-risk infants on room air (18% vs 16%, P = .75) and lower rates than higher-risk infants (39%, P = .018). Lower-risk infants using home oxygen had more specialty visits (median 10, IQR 7-14 vs median 6, IQR 3-11, P = .028) than those on room air. Classification tree analysis identified risk status as significantly associated with rehospitalization, along with distance from home to hospital, inborn, parent-reported race, and siblings in the home.

CONCLUSIONS: Prospectively identified lower-risk infants discharged with home oxygen had fewer rehospitalizations than higher-risk infants and used more specialty care than lower-risk infants discharged in room air.

Author List

Lagatta JM, Zhang L, Yan K, Dawson S, Msall ME, Ambalavanan N, Brousseau DC


Sara K. Dawson MD Assistant Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Joanne M. Lagatta MD Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Ke Yan PhD Associate Professor in the Pediatrics department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature
Oxygen Inhalation Therapy
Patient Acceptance of Health Care
Patient Discharge
Prospective Studies
Risk Assessment