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In vivo molecular imaging stratifies rats with different susceptibilities to hyperoxic acute lung injury. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol 2022 Oct 01;323(4):L410-L422



Pubmed ID


Pubmed Central ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85138459754 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)


99mTc-hexamethylpropyleneamine oxime (HMPAO) and 99mTc-duramycin in vivo imaging detects pulmonary oxidative stress and cell death, respectively, in rats exposed to >95% O2 (hyperoxia) as a model of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). Preexposure to hyperoxia for 48 h followed by 24 h in room air (H-T) is protective against hyperoxia-induced lung injury. This study's objective was to determine the ability of 99mTc-HMPAO and 99mTc-duramycin to track this protection and to elucidate underlying mechanisms. Rats were exposed to normoxia, hyperoxia for 60 h, H-T, or H-T followed by 60 h of hyperoxia (H-T + 60). Imaging was performed 20 min after intravenous injection of either 99mTc-HMPAO or 99mTc-duramycin. 99mTc-HMPAO and 99mTc-duramycin lung uptake was 200% and 167% greater (P < 0.01) in hyperoxia compared with normoxia rats, respectively. On the other hand, uptake of 99mTc-HMPAO in H-T + 60 was 24% greater (P < 0.01) than in H-T rats, but 99mTc-duramycin uptake was not significantly different (P = 0.09). Lung wet-to-dry weight ratio, pleural effusion, endothelial filtration coefficient, and histological indices all showed evidence of protection and paralleled imaging results. Additional results indicate higher mitochondrial complex IV activity in H-T versus normoxia rats, suggesting that mitochondria of H-T lungs may be more tolerant of oxidative stress. A pattern of increasing lung uptake of 99mTc-HMPAO and 99mTc-duramycin correlates with advancing oxidative stress and cell death and worsening injury, whereas stable or decreasing 99mTc-HMPAO and stable 99mTc-duramycin reflects hyperoxia tolerance, suggesting the potential utility of molecular imaging for identifying at-risk hosts that are more or less susceptible to progressing to ARDS.

Author List

Audi SH, Taheri P, Zhao M, Hu K, Jacobs ER, Clough AV


Said Audi PhD Professor in the Biomedical Engineering department at Marquette University
Kurt Hu MD Assistant Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Acute Lung Injury
Molecular Imaging
Rats, Sprague-Dawley