Medical College of Wisconsin
CTSICores SearchResearch InformaticsREDCap

Demystifying hyponatremia: A clinical guide to evaluation and management. Nutr Clin Pract 2022 Oct;37(5):1023-1032

Date

08/30/2022

Pubmed ID

36036229

DOI

10.1002/ncp.10907

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85136691529   1 Citation

Abstract

Hyponatremia (serum sodium <135 mEq/L) is a frequent electrolyte abnormality complicating the clinical care of hospitalized patients. Hyponatremia has been associated with an increased risk of mortality. Hyponatremia can be seen in patients with euvolemia, hypovolemia, or hypervolemia. Evaluation of hyponatremia relies on clinical assessment and estimation of serum sodium, urine electrolytes, and serum and urine osmolality in addition to other case-specific laboratory parameters. In addition, point-of-care ultrasonography is an important adjunct to physical assessment in estimation of volume status. Understanding the pathophysiology of the underlying process can lead to a timely diagnosis and appropriate management of hyponatremia.

Author List

Bhasin-Chhabra B, Veitla V, Weinberg S, Koratala A

Authors

Abhilash Koratala MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Vineet Veitla MD Assistant Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Humans
Hyponatremia
Hypovolemia
Sodium
Water-Electrolyte Imbalance