Medical College of Wisconsin
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Becoming a Sustainable Academic Surgeon. J Surg Res 2023 Mar;283:606-610



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85142680339 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)


INTRODUCTION: Health care facilities represent a significant source of pollution, contributing to the growing problems associated with global warming. The resulting climate change impacts our health through worsening air and water quality, diminished access to nutritious food, and safe shelter.

METHODS: We outline here the not only the role of the surgeon in contributing to climate change, but also ways in which to minimize one's carbon footprint.

RESULTS: Surgeons are leaders within healthcare systems. Adopting environmentally conscious practices can reduce solid waste, energy usage, and carbon emissions. Practices outside of the clinical setting can also incorporate sustainability, including the use of virtual recruitment and educational programs, as well as thoughtful and conscientious travel practices.

CONCLUSIONS: Academic surgery combines clinical practice with an element of leadership, at all levels. Our recognition and action to reduce wasteful practices can help leave a better earth for generations to come.

Author List

Shao C, Tsai S, Woo R, Dream S


Sophie Y. Dream MD Assistant Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Carbon Footprint
Climate Change
Delivery of Health Care