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Cost analysis in the management of esophageal coins: endoscopy versus bougienage. J Pediatr Surg 1999 Mar;34(3):412-4



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0032972577   36 Citations


PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the safety, efficiency, and overall cost effectiveness of esophageal bougienage versus endoscopy in the retrieval of ingested coins.

METHODS: Retrospective review of patients treated for esophageal coin ingestion at Children's Hospital of Wisconsin over a 1-year period using bougienage or endoscopic retrieval was conducted. (inclusion criterion)

RESULTS: Twenty-seven patients were evaluated over the 1-year study period. Two patients spontaneously passed the coins before arrival and needed no further treatment. Twelve patients met criteria for bougienage, and this treatment was successful in 10 of the 12 patients. Mean length of hospital stay was 2.15 hours, and the mean cost was $546. Thirteen patients were treated successfully with endoscopy. The mean length of hospital stay was 22.7 hours, and the mean cost was $5,230. There were no complications in any of the 25 patients.

CONCLUSIONS: Bougienage is equally safe, more efficient, and much less expensive than endoscopy for treatment of esophageal coins in properly selected patients. Nearly half of the patients were excluded from bougienage because of delayed presentation alone. Education of parents and physicians regarding symptoms of coin ingestion would allow primary treatment with bougienage in the majority of cases.

Author List

Calkins CM, Christians KK, Sell LL


Casey Matthew Calkins MD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Kathleen K. Christians MD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Child, Preschool
Cost Savings
Costs and Cost Analysis
Foreign Bodies
Length of Stay
Retrospective Studies