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Chronic myocardial hypoxia increases nitric oxide synthase and decreases caveolin-3. Free Radic Biol Med 2000 Oct 15;29(8):695-703



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0034667740   61 Citations


Nitric oxide synthase (NOS) is believed to play an important role in protecting the myocardium against ischemia. Chronic hypoxia from birth increases NOS activity in the myocardium resulting in enhanced nitric oxide production and increased resistance to ischemia. We examined the effects of chronic hypoxia on NOS gene and protein expression and on NOS protein association with caveolin-3. Rabbits were raised from birth in a normoxic (F(I)O(2) = 0.21) or a hypoxic (F(I)O(2) = 0.12) environment for 9 d, and then the hearts were isolated. Ribonuclease protection assays revealed that chronic hypoxia did not alter NOS transcript levels for NOS1, NOS2, or NOS3. The most abundant transcript was NOS3. Western analysis revealed NOS3 was the only isoform detected. Immunoblots of NOS3 immunoprecipitates showed that chronic hypoxia increases NOS3 protein by 2.0 +/- 0.4-fold and decreases the amount of caveolin-3 that can be coprecipitated with NOS3 by 5.5 +/- 0.9-fold. Immunoblots of normoxic and hypoxic hearts showed that chronic hypoxia decreases the amount of caveolin-3 in heart homogenates by 2. 2 +/- 0.5-fold. These data suggest that a decrease in caveolin-3 plays a role in the mechanisms by which chronic hypoxia increases NOS3 activity in the myocardium.

Author List

Shi Y, Pritchard KA Jr, Holman P, Rafiee P, Griffith OW, Kalyanaraman B, Baker JE


John E. Baker PhD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Balaraman Kalyanaraman PhD Chair, Professor in the Biophysics department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Kirkwood A. Pritchard PhD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Animals, Newborn
Base Sequence
Caveolin 3
Chronic Disease
DNA Primers
Myocardial Ischemia
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type I
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type II
Nitric Oxide Synthase Type III
RNA, Messenger
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a