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Growth hormone therapy during neonatal hypoxia in rats: body composition, bone mineral density, and insulin-like growth factor-1 expression. Endocrine 2001 Nov;16(2):139-43



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0035720415   7 Citations


Hypoxia from birth results in a decrease in body weight gain, body size, and bone mineral density (BMD). The purpose of the present study was to determine whether short-term administration of growth hormone (GH) (rat GH; 100 microg/d) could attenuate some of these effects of neonatal hypoxia. Rat pups (with their lactating dams) were exposed to hypoxia (vs normoxic control) from birth. Hypoxia was continued until 14 d of age, with rat GH (vs vehicle control) administered daily. Hypoxia significantly inhibited body weight gain; GH therapy did not reverse this effect. GH therapy did reverse the inhibitory effect of hypoxia on tail length but not on body length. Hypoxia decreased BMD analyzed by dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA); this effect was not reversed by GH therapy. Both GH therapy and hypoxia decreased the percentage of body fat analyzed by DXA, the effects of which were additive when combined. There were minimal effects of hypoxia and GH therapy on plasma insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1), IGF-binding protein-3, and hepatic IGF-1 mRNA expression. We conclude that some of the effects of hypoxia on body habitus are reversed by GH therapy, but that short-term GH therapy did not prevent a loss of BMD. GH therapy for more than 14 days may be necessary to appreciate fully its potential in the treatment of the sequelae of neonatal hypoxia.

Author List

Raff H, Bruder ED, Jankowski B, Oaks MK, Colman RJ


Hershel Raff PhD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Animals, Newborn
Body Composition
Body Weight
Bone Density
Growth Hormone
Insulin-Like Growth Factor Binding Proteins
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I
Organ Size
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
jenkins-FCD Prod-484 8aa07fc50b7f6d102f3dda2f4c7056ff84294d1d