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Cholesterol metabolism by purified cytochrome P-450scc is highly stimulated by octyl glucoside and stearic acid exclusively in large unilamellar phospholipid vesicles. Biochemistry 1989 Oct 17;28(21):8397-402



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0024418547 (requires institutional sign-in at Scopus site)   13 Citations


Cholesterol side-chain cleavage (CSCC) catalyzed by purified bovine adrenal mitochondrial cytochrome P-450scc is highly dependent on the vesicles that supply cholesterol. Six-fold higher rates are achieved with large unilamellar dioleoylphosphatidylcholine vesicles (diameter 150 nm) prepared by octyl glucoside (OG) dialysis (DOPC-LUV) than with small sonicated vesicles (diameter 30 nm) (DOPC-SUV) (Vmax = 25 and 4 min-1, respectively. Extensive dialysis that may remove OG decreased Vmax rates for DOPC-LUV almost to rates seen with DOPC-SUV. These dialyzed DOPC-LUV were, however, very sensitive to addition of OG (EC50 = 2.5 microM, 4.3-fold stimulation) while DOPC-SUV were only weakly affected (EC50 = 100 microM, 1.6-fold stimulation). This enhancement of CSCC in LUV by OG only occurred when the cholesterol:DOPC exceeded 0.1 and was associated with a 15-fold increase in the Km for cholesterol. Structural changes in both SUV and LUV at high cholesterol:DOPC ratios (0.1-1) were indicated by decreases in internal volume that were insensitive to OG and did not affect the external diameters. Stearic acid produced a similar stimulation of CSCC in LUV (EC50 = 50 microM) and had no effect on SUV. The Vmax for CSCC, produced by OG activation of DOPC-LUV, is comparable to the highest attained for cytochrome P-450scc (Tween 20/cholesterol). In LUV, a minor proportion of OG (1-5% of cholesterol) is thus sufficient to generate a domain of reactive cholesterol that maintains a near-optimum turnover. This increased CSCC was paralleled by increased binding of cholesterol to P-450scc, suggesting that this cholesterol is more readily donated by the membrane to the cytochrome.

Author List

Dhariwal MS, Jefcoate CR


Mohan S. Dhariwal DO Assistant Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System
Microscopy, Electron
Stearic Acids