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Dose dependence and time course of the immunologic response to administration of standardized cat allergen extract. J Allergy Clin Immunol 2004 Dec;114(6):1339-44

Date

12/04/2004

Pubmed ID

15577832

DOI

10.1016/j.jaci.2004.08.049

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-9644273916   116 Citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The immunologic response to allergen immunotherapy with 3 serial 5-fold doses of cat extract has been studied after approximately 5 weeks of immunotherapy. The highest dose containing 15 mug of Fel d 1 produced the most consistent and favorable response. It is unknown whether the comparative response on reaching a maintenance dose is maintained with long-term maintenance therapy.

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the immunologic responses with these 3 serial doses of cat hair and dander extract at baseline, after reaching the maintenance dose (approximately 5 weeks), and after 1 year of maintenance immunotherapy.

METHODS: Twenty-eight patients with cat allergy randomized in a double-blind study were assigned to one of 4 treatment groups: placebo or cat hair and dander extract containing 0.6 mug of Fel d 1, 3 mug of Fel d 1, and 15 mug of Fel d 1 at maintenance. Studies included skin prick tests and late cutaneous reactions with cat hair and dander extract, titrated nasal challenges with the extract, serum cat allergen-specific IgG4 and IgE measurement, and flow cytometric and ELISA analysis of whole blood and intranasal cytokines (TGF-beta, IL-10, IFN-gamma, IL-4, and IL-5).

RESULTS: Twenty-six subjects completed the study. After both 5 weeks and 1 year, significant and dose-dependent differences were seen with total symptom scores on nasal challenge ( P < .0001), with titrated skin prick testing with cat dander extract at 5 weeks ( P = .014) and 1 year ( P < .0001), and with cat-specific IgG4 measurement at 5 weeks ( P = .004) and 1 year ( P = .003). At 1 year, neither flow cytometry of whole blood nor ELISA evaluation of nasal cytokines demonstrated any significant differences among the treatment groups.

CONCLUSION: The response to titrated nasal allergen challenge, titrated skin prick testing, and allergen-specific IgG4 measurement to cat immunotherapy at 5 weeks is predictive of the response at 1 year.

Author List

Nanda A, O'connor M, Anand M, Dreskin SC, Zhang L, Hines B, Lane D, Wheat W, Routes JM, Sawyer R, Rosenwasser LJ, Nelson HS



MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Allergens
Animals
Cats
Dose-Response Relationship, Immunologic
Double-Blind Method
Flow Cytometry
Glycoproteins
Humans
Immunoglobulin G
Receptors, Interleukin-2
Skin Tests
Transforming Growth Factor beta