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Acute cardioprotective effects of erythropoietin in infant rabbits are mediated by activation of protein kinases and potassium channels. Basic Res Cardiol 2004 May;99(3):173-82



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-2342450561   76 Citations


Erythropoietin is protective against cardiac ischemia, but the underlying mechanisms are unknown. We determined whether erythropoietin (0.5 - 10.0 U/ml) confers acute cardioprotection in infant rabbit hearts and the contribution of protein kinases, nitric oxide synthase and potassium channels to the underlying mechanism. Hearts from normoxic infant New Zealand White rabbits (n=8/group) were isolated and perfused in the Langendorff mode. Biventricular function was recorded under steady-state conditions prior to 30 min global no-flow ischemia and 35 min reperfusion. Administration of erythropoietin for 15 min immediately prior to ischemia resulted in a concentration-dependent increase in recovery of left and right ventricular developed pressure in rabbit hearts following myocardial ischemia and reperfusion. The optimal concentration of erythropoietin that afforded maximum recovery of developed pressure was manifest at 1.0 U/ml. Erythropoietin (1.0 U/ml) treatment resulted in phosphorylation of PKC, p38 MAP kinase and p42/44 MAP kinase. The cardioprotective effects of erythropoietin were abolished by the protein kinase inhibitors SB203580 (p38 MAP kinase), PD98059 (p42/44 MAP kinase) and chelerythrine (PKC) as well as the potassium channel blockers glibenclamide, HMR 1098, 5-HD and Paxilline. Nitrite and nitrate release from hearts before (2.3 +/- 0.9 nmol/min/g) and after (2.4 +/- 1.9 nmol/min/g) 15 min treatment with erythropoietin (1.0 U/ml) were not different. L-NAME and L-NMA did not block the cardioprotective effect of erythropoietin. We conclude the rapid activation of potassium channels and protein kinases by erythropoietin represents an important new mechanism for increasing cardioprotection.

Author List

Shi Y, Rafiee P, Su J, Pritchard KA Jr, Tweddell JS, Baker JE


John E. Baker PhD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Kirkwood A. Pritchard PhD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Blotting, Western
Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
Myocardial Ischemia
Nitric Oxide Synthase
Organ Culture Techniques
Potassium Channels
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Protein Kinases
Reperfusion Injury
Signal Transduction
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a