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Azimuthal anisotropy at the relativistic heavy ion collider: the first and fourth harmonics. Phys Rev Lett 2004 Feb 13;92(6):062301

Date

03/05/2004

Pubmed ID

14995231

DOI

10.1103/PhysRevLett.92.062301

Abstract

We report the first observations of the first harmonic (directed flow, v(1)) and the fourth harmonic (v(4)), in the azimuthal distribution of particles with respect to the reaction plane in Au+Au collisions at the BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC). Both measurements were done taking advantage of the large elliptic flow (v(2)) generated at RHIC. From the correlation of v(2) with v(1) it is determined that v(2) is positive, or in-plane. The integrated v(4) is about a factor of 10 smaller than v(2). For the sixth (v(6)) and eighth (v(8)) harmonics upper limits on the magnitudes are reported.

Author List

Adams J, Adler C, Aggarwal MM, Ahammed Z, Amonett J, Anderson BD, Anderson M, Arkhipkin D, Averichev GS, Badyal SK, Balewski J, Barannikova O, Barnby LS, Baudot J, Bekele S, Belaga VV, Bellwied R, Berger J, Bezverkhny BI, Bhardwaj S, Bhaskar P, Bhati AK, Bichsel H, Billmeier A, Bland LC, Blyth CO, Bonner BE, Botje M, Boucham A, Brandin A, Bravar A, Cadman RV, Cai XZ, Caines H, Calderón de la Barca Sánchez M, Carroll J, Castillo J, Castro M, Cebra D, Chaloupka P, Chattopadhyay S, Chen HF, Chen Y, Chernenko SP, Cherney M, Chikanian A, Choi B, Christie W, Coffin JP, Cormier TM, Cramer JG, Crawford HJ, Das D, Das S, Derevschikov AA, Didenko L, Dietel T, Dong WJ, Dong X, Draper JE, Du F, Dubey AK, Dunin VB, Dunlop JC, Dutta Majumdar MR, Eckardt V, Efimov LG, Emelianov V, Engelage J, Eppley G, Erazmus B, Estienne M, Fachini P, Faine V, Faivre J, Fatemi R, Filimonov K, Filip P, Finch E, Fisyak Y, Flierl D, Foley KJ, Fu J, Gagliardi CA, Gagunashvili N, Gans J, Ganti MS, Gaudichet L, Germain M, Geurts F, Ghazikhanian V, Ghosh P, Gonzalez JE, Grachov O, Grigoriev V, Gronstal S, Grosnick D, Guedon M, Guertin SM, Gupta A, Gushin E, Gutierrez TD, Hallman TJ, Hardtke D, Harris JW, Heinz M, Henry TW, Heppelmann S, Herston T, Hippolyte B, Hirsch A, Hjort E, Hoffmann GW, Horsley M, Huang HZ, Huang SL, Humanic TJ, Igo G, Ishihara A, Jacobs P, Jacobs WW, Janik M, Jiang H, Johnson I, Jones PG, Judd EG, Kabana S, Kaneta M, Kaplan M, Keane D, Khodyrev VY, Kiryluk J, Kisiel A, Klay J, Klein SR, Klyachko A, Koetke DD, Kollegger T, Kopytine M, Kotchenda L, Kovalenko AD, Kramer M, Kravtsov P, Kravtsov VI, Krueger K, Kuhn C, Kulikov AI, Kumar A, Kunde GJ, Kunz CL, Kutuev RKh, Kuznetsov AA, Lamont MA, Landgraf JM, Lange S, Lansdell CP, Lasiuk B, Laue F, Lauret J, Lebedev A, Lednický R, LeVine MJ, Li C, Li Q, Lindenbaum SJ, Lisa MA, Liu F, Liu L, Liu Z, Liu QJ, Ljubicic T, Llope WJ, Long H, Longacre RS, Lopez-Noriega M, Love WA, Ludlam T, Lynn D, Ma J, Ma YG, Magestro D, Mahajan S, Mangotra LK, Mahapatra DP, Majka R, Manweiler R, Margetis S, Markert C, Martin L, Marx J, Matis HS, Matulenko YA, McShane TS, Meissner F, Melnick Y, Meschanin A, Messer M, Miller ML, Milosevich Z, Minaev NG, Mironov C, Mishra D, Mitchell J, Mohanty B, Molnar L, Moore CF, Mora-Corral MJ, Morozov DA, Morozov V, de Moura MM, Munhoz MG, Nandi BK, Nayak SK, Nayak TK, Nelson JM, Nevski P, Nikitin VA, Nogach LV, Norman B, Nurushev SB, Odyniec G, Ogawa A, Okorokov V, Oldenburg M, Olson D, Paic G, Pandey SU, Pal SK, Panebratsev Y, Panitkin SY, Pavlinov AI, Pawlak T, Perevoztchikov V, Perkins C, Peryt W, Petrov VA, Phatak SC, Picha R, Planinic M, Pluta J, Porile N, Porter J, Poskanzer AM, Potekhin M, Potrebenikova E, Potukuchi BV, Prindle D, Pruneau C, Putschke J, Rai G, Rakness G, Raniwala R, Raniwala S, Ravel O, Ray RL, Razin SV, Reichhold D, Reid JG, Renault G, Retiere F, Ridiger A, Ritter HG, Roberts JB, Rogachevski OV, Romero JL, Rose A, Roy C, Ruan LJ, Sahoo R, Sakrejda I, Salur S, Sandweiss J, Savin I, Schambach J, Scharenberg RP, Schmitz N, Schroeder LS, Schweda K, Seger J, Seliverstov D, Seyboth P, Shahaliev E, Shao M, Sharma M, Shestermanov KE, Shimanskii SS, Singaraju RN, Simon F, Skoro G, Smirnov N, Snellings R, Sood G, Sorensen P, Sowinski J, Spinka HM, Srivastava B, Stanislaus S, Stock R, Stolpovsky A, Strikhanov M, Stringfellow B, Struck C, Suaide AA, Sugarbaker E, Suire C, Sumbera M, Surrow B, Symons TJ, de Toledo AS, Szarwas P, Tai A, Takahashi J, Tang AH, Thein D, Thomas JH, Tikhomirov V, Tokarev M, Tonjes MB, Trainor TA, Trentalange S, Tribble RE, Trivedi MD, Trofimov V, Tsai O, Ullrich T, Underwood DG, Van Buren G, VanderMolen AM, Vasiliev AN, Vasiliev M, Vigdor SE, Viyogi YP, Voloshin SA, Waggoner W, Wang F, Wang G, Wang XL, Wang ZM, Ward H, Watson JW, Wells R, Westfall GD, Whitten C Jr, Wieman H, Willson R, Wissink SW, Witt R, Wood J, Wu J, Xu N, Xu Z, Xu ZZ, Yamamoto E, Yepes P, Yurevich VI, Zanevski YV, Zborovský I, Zhang H, Zhang WM, Zhang ZP, Zołnierczuk P

Author

An Tai PhD Associate Professor in the Radiation Oncology department at Medical College of Wisconsin




jenkins-FCD Prod-480 9a4deaf152b0b06dd18151814fff2e18f6c05280