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Neuroadaptations in the cellular and postsynaptic group 1 metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR5 and Homer proteins following extinction of cocaine self-administration. Neurosci Lett 2009 Mar 13;452(2):167-71

Date

01/03/2009

Pubmed ID

19118598

Pubmed Central ID

PMC3824377

DOI

10.1016/j.neulet.2008.12.028

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-60249091229   47 Citations

Abstract

This study examined the role of group1 metabotropic glutamate receptor mGluR5 and associated postsynaptic scaffolding protein Homer1b/c in behavioral plasticity after three withdrawal treatments from cocaine self-administration. Rats self-administered cocaine or saline for 14 days followed by a withdrawal period during which rats underwent extinction training, remained in their home cages, or were placed in the self-administration chambers in the absence of extinction. Subsequently, the tissue level and distribution of proteins in the synaptosomal fraction associated with the postsynaptic density were examined. Cocaine self-administration followed by home cage exposure reduced the mGluR5 protein in nucleus accumbens (NA) shell and dorsolateral striatum. While extinction training reduced mGluR5 protein in NAshell, NAcore and dorsolateral striatum did not display any change. The scaffolding protein PSD95 increased in NAcore of the extinguished animals. Extinction of drug seeking was associated with a significant decrease in the synaptosomal mGluR5 protein in NAshell and an increase in dorsolateral striatum, while that of NAcore was not modified. Interestingly, both Homer1b/c and PSD95 scaffolding proteins were decreased in the synaptosomal fraction after extinction training in NAshell but not NAcore. Extinguished drug-seeking behavior was also associated with an increase in the synaptosomal actin proteins in dorsolateral striatum. Therefore, extinction of cocaine seeking is associated with neuroadaptations in mGluR5 expression and distribution that are region-specific and consist of extinction-induced reversal of cocaine-induced adaptations as well as emergent extinction-induced alterations. Concurrent plasticity in the scaffolding proteins further suggests that mGluR5 receptor neuroadaptations may have implications for synaptic function.

Author List

Ghasemzadeh MB, Vasudevan P, Mueller C, Seubert C, Mantsch JR

Author

John Mantsch PhD Chair, Professor in the Pharmacology and Toxicology department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Actins
Adaptation, Physiological
Animals
Brain
Brain Chemistry
Carrier Proteins
Cocaine
Cocaine-Related Disorders
Corpus Striatum
Disease Models, Animal
Disks Large Homolog 4 Protein
Dopamine Uptake Inhibitors
Extinction, Psychological
Glutamic Acid
Homer Scaffolding Proteins
Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins
Membrane Proteins
Neuronal Plasticity
Nucleus Accumbens
Presynaptic Terminals
Rats
Receptor, Metabotropic Glutamate 5
Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate
Self Administration
Synaptic Transmission
Synaptosomes