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Frontal sinus and naso-orbital-ethmoid fractures. JAMA Facial Plast Surg 2014 Jul-Aug;16(4):284-9



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84907306724   18 Citations


IMPORTANCE: Frontal sinus and naso-orbital-ethmoid (NOE) fractures are among the most challenging injuries in the treatment of maxillofacial trauma.

OBJECTIVE: To summarize the current knowledge regarding frontal sinus and NOE fractures and to present some of the more recent, evidence-based literature to support current treatment recommendations.

EVIDENCE REVIEW: A PubMed search of articles from 1990 through 2013 was performed. Search terms included frontal sinus fracture, NOE fracture, naso-orbito-ethmoid fracture, naso-ethmoid-orbital fracture, and nasoethmoid fracture.

FINDINGS: Advances in sophisticated imaging and evolution in minimally invasive surgical techniques are introducing more conservative options that may provide better patient outcomes while minimizing the risks and morbidity associated with more traditional treatment approaches.

CONCLUSIONS AND RELEVANCE: The treatment of frontal sinus and NOE fractures is challenging, given the complex anatomy and associated pattern of injuries. Traditional treatment paradigms are evolving and support the role of more conservative treatment algorithms in selected patients.

Author List

Pawar SS, Rhee JS


Sachin S. Pawar MD Chief, Associate Professor in the Otolaryngology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
John S. Rhee MD Chair, Professor in the Otolaryngology department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Ethmoid Bone
Fracture Fixation
Frontal Sinus
Nasal Bone
Orbital Fractures
Skull Fractures