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Recovery of vocal fold immobility following isolated patent ductus arteriosus ligation. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol 2014 Aug;78(8):1316-9



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84904054106   32 Citations


OBJECTIVE: Identify laryngoscopic and functional outcomes of infants with vocal fold immobility (VFI) following patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation and identify predictors of recovery.

METHODS: Retrospective review of patients with VFI following PDA ligation from 2001 to 2012 at a single institution. Inclusion criteria were: (1) PDA ligation as only cardiac surgical procedure; (2) left VFI documented by laryngoscopy; (3) minimum follow up 120 days, with at least 2 laryngoscopies performed. Resolution of VFI was determined at follow-up laryngoscopy. Univariate logistic regression models were used to identify variables associated with VFI recovery.

RESULTS: 66 subjects were included with median follow up of 3.0 (± 2.1) years. The mean gestational age was 24.5 ± 1.4 weeks, mean birth weight 673 ± 167 g, and mean age at procedure was 18.6 ± 14.3 days. Patients presented with respiratory symptoms (39%), dysphonia (78%) and dysphagia (55%). Resolution of VFI was observed in 2/66 (3%) patients. Recovery was documented at 20 days and 11 months respectively. Respiratory symptoms, dysphagia, and dysphonia persisted at last follow up in 11%, 47%, and 20% of patients.

CONCLUSIONS: VFI associated with ligation of the ductus arteriosus has a low rate of recovery. Clinical symptoms frequently persist, and as such regular follow-up by otolaryngologists to mitigate morbidity is indicated.

Author List

Nichols BG, Jabbour J, Hehir DA, Ghanayem NS, Beste D, Martin T, Woods R, Robey T


David J. Beste MD Professor in the Otolaryngology department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Thomas C. Robey MD Professor in the Otolaryngology department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Child, Preschool
Deglutition Disorders
Ductus Arteriosus, Patent
Follow-Up Studies
Iatrogenic Disease
Infant, Newborn
Intraoperative Complications
Recovery of Function
Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve Injuries
Respiratory Sounds
Retrospective Studies
Vocal Cord Paralysis
Work of Breathing