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Multiple system atrophy: prognostic indicators of survival. Mov Disord 2014 Aug;29(9):1151-7



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Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84906099920   51 Citations


Neurological and autonomic presentation in multiple system atrophy (MSA) may predict early mortality. Quantification of early autonomic failure as a mortality predictor is lacking. Early neurological and autonomic clinical features were retrospectively reviewed in 49 MSA cases (median age at onset, 56.1 years; 16 women) confirmed by autopsy at Mayo Clinic. When available, the 10-point composite autonomic severity score derived from the autonomic reflex screen provided quantification of the degree of autonomic failure and thermoregulatory sweat test quantitated body surface anhidrosis. Symptoms at onset were autonomic in 50%, parkinsonian in 30%, and cerebellar in 20% of cases. Survival (median [95% confidence interval]) was 8.6 [6.7-10.2] years. Survival was shorter in patients with early laboratory evidence of generalized (composite autonomic severity score ≥ 6) autonomic failure (7.0 [3.9-9.8] vs. 9.8 [4.6-13.8] years; P = 0.036), and early requirement of bladder catheterization (7.3 [3.1-10.2] vs. 13.7 [8.5-14.9] years; P = 0.003) compared with those without these clinical features. On Cox proportional analysis, prognostic indicators of shorter survival were older age at onset (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval], 1.04 [1.01-1.08]; P = 0.03), early requirement of bladder catheterization (7.9 [1.88-38.63]; P = 0.004), and early generalized (composite autonomic severity score ≥ 6) autonomic failure (2.8 [1.01-9.26]; P = 0.047). Gender, phenotype, and early development of gait instability, aid-requiring ambulation, orthostatic symptoms, neurogenic bladder, or significant anhidrosis (thermoregulatory sweat test ≥ 40%) were not indicators of shorter survival. Our data suggest that early development of severe generalized autonomic failure more than triples the risk of shorter survival in patients with MSA.

Author List

Figueroa JJ, Singer W, Parsaik A, Benarroch EE, Ahlskog JE, Fealey RD, Parisi JE, Sandroni P, Mandrekar J, Iodice V, Low PA, Bower JH


Juan Jose Figueroa MD Assistant Professor in the Neurology department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Age of Onset
Autonomic Nervous System Diseases
Disability Evaluation
Middle Aged
Multiple System Atrophy
Proportional Hazards Models
Risk Factors