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Increased in vitro induced CD4+ and CD8+ T cell IFN-gamma and CD4+ T cell IL-10 production in stable relapsing multiple sclerosis. Int J Neurosci 1997 Aug;90(3-4):187-202



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0031214297   18 Citations


Multiple sclerosis (MS) is presumed to be a T-cell mediated chronic inflammatory disease of the central nervous system. Investigators previously demonstrated increased IFN-gamma (pro-inflammatory) and IL-10 (counterregulatory anti-inflammatory) in MS. The balance of pro-inflammatory and counterregulatory anti-inflammatory cytokines may be important in the stabilization of disease activity. Purified CD4+ and CD8+ T cells from patients with clinically definite, stable relapsing MS (RRMS) were stimulated by anti-CD3 mAb or Con A for 48 hours and cytokine supernatants analysed for production of IL-2, IL-6, IFN-gamma, TNF-alpha (potential pro-inflammatory) and IL-4, IL-10, and TGF-beta (potential counterregulatory anti-inflammatory). Con A activated CD4+ and CD8+ T cell proinflammatory cytokine IL-2 secretion, CD4+ T cell IL-6 secretion, CD4+ and CD8+ T cell TNF-alpha secretion and CD8+ T cell IFN-gamma secretion was decreased significantly in RRMS subjects compared to controls. CD3 activated CD4+ and CD8+ T cell IL-6 secretion and CD4+ T cell TNF-alpha secretion was significantly decreased in MS subjects compared to controls. In contrast, there was increased CD3-induced IFN-gamma in both CD4+ and CD8+ T cells and counterregulatory anti-inflammatory CD3-induced IL-10 secretion in CD4+ T cells in RRMS compared to controls. These data suggest that an equilibrium of a pro-inflammatory (IFN-gamma) and a counterregulatory anti-inflammatory (IL-10) cytokine may define stable clinically definite early RRMS.

Author List

Brod SA, Nelson LD, Khan M, Wolinsky JS


Staley A. Brod MD Professor in the Neurology department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

CD3 Complex
CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes
CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes
Culture Techniques
Multiple Sclerosis