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Transmembrane localization of cis-isomers of zeaxanthin in the host dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine bilayer membrane. Biochim Biophys Acta 2008 Jan;1778(1):10-9



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The effects of the 9-cis and 13-cis isomers of zeaxanthin on the molecular organization and dynamics of dimyristoylphosphatidylcholine (DMPC) membranes were investigated using conventional and saturation recovery EPR observations of the 1-palmitoyl-2-(14-doxylstearoyl)phosphatidylcholine (14-PC) spin label. The results were compared with the effects caused by the all-trans isomer of zeaxanthin. Effects on membrane fluidity, order, hydrophobicity, and the oxygen transport parameter were monitored at the center of the fluid phase DMPC membrane. The local diffusion-solubility product of oxygen molecules (oxygen transport parameter) in the membrane center, studied by saturation-recovery EPR, decreased by 47% and 27% by including 10 mol% 13-cis and 9-cis zeaxanthin, respectively; whereas, incorporation of all-trans zeaxanthin decreased this parameter by only 11%. At a zeaxanthin-to-DMPC mole ratio of 1:9, all investigated isomers decreased the membrane fluidity and increased the alkyl chain order in the membrane center. They also increased the hydrophobicity of the membrane interior. The effects of these isomers of zeaxanthin on the membrane properties mentioned above increase as: all-trans<9-cis<or=13-cis. Obtained results suggest that the investigated cis-isomers of zeaxanthin, similar to the all-trans isomer, are located in the membrane interior, adopting transmembrane orientation with the polar terminal hydroxyl groups located in the opposite leaflets of the bilayer. However, the existence of the second pool of cis-zeaxanthin molecules located in the one leaflet and anchored by the terminal hydroxyl groups in the same polar headgroup region cannot be completely ruled out.

Author List

Widomska J, Subczynski WK


Witold K. Subczynski PhD Professor in the Biophysics department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Biological Transport
Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy
Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions
Lipid Bilayers
Membrane Fluidity