Medical College of Wisconsin
CTSICores SearchResearch InformaticsREDCap

Effective strategies for global health research, training and clinical care: a narrative review. Glob J Health Sci 2014 Sep 29;7(2):119-39

Date

02/27/2015

Pubmed ID

25716404

Pubmed Central ID

PMC4796426

DOI

10.5539/gjhs.v7n2p119

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-84928271355   10 Citations

Abstract

The purpose of this narrative review was to synthesize the evidence on effective strategies for global health research, training and clinical care in order to identify common structures that have been used to guide program development. A Medline search from 2001 to 2011 produced 951 articles, which were reviewed and categorized. Thirty articles met criteria to be included in this review. Eleven articles discussed recommendations for research, 8 discussed training and 11 discussed clinical care. Global health program development should be completed within the framework of a larger institutional commitment or partnership. Support from leadership in the university or NGO, and an engaged local community are both integral to success and sustainability of efforts. It is also important for program development to engage local partners from the onset, jointly exploring issues and developing goals and objectives. Evaluation is a recommended way to determine if goals are being met, and should include considerations of sustainability, partnership building, and capacity. Global health research programs should consider details regarding the research process, context of research, partnerships, and community relationships. Training for global health should involve mentorship, pre-departure preparation of students, and elements developed to increase impact. Clinical care programs should focus on collaboration, sustainability, meeting local needs, and appropriate process considerations.

Author List

Walker RJ, Campbell JA, Egede LE

Authors

Jennifer Annette Campbell PhD, MPH Assistant Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Leonard E. Egede MD Center Director, Chief, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Rebekah Walker PhD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Community-Institutional Relations
Cooperative Behavior
Delivery of Health Care
Education, Medical
Global Health
Health Education
Humans
Program Development
Program Evaluation
Research Design