Medical College of Wisconsin
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Arrestin-2 interacts with the ubiquitin-protein isopeptide ligase atrophin-interacting protein 4 and mediates endosomal sorting of the chemokine receptor CXCR4. J Biol Chem 2007 Dec 21;282(51):36971-9



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-37549035071   154 Citations


The chemokine receptor CXCR4 is rapidly targeted for lysosomal degradation by the E3 ubiquitin ligase atrophin-interacting protein 4 (AIP4). Although it is known that AIP4 mediates ubiquitination and degradation of CXCR4 and that perturbations in these events contribute to disease, the mechanisms mediating AIP4-dependent regulation of CXCR4 degradation remain poorly understood. Here we show that AIP4 directly interacts with the amino-terminal half of nonvisual arrestin-2 via its WW domains. We show that depletion of arrestin-2 by small interfering RNA blocks agonist-promoted degradation of CXCR4 by preventing CXCR4 trafficking from early endosomes to lysosomes. Surprisingly, CXCR4 internalization and ubiquitination remain intact, suggesting that the interaction between arrestin-2 and AIP4 is not required for ubiquitination of the receptor at the plasma membrane but perhaps for a later post-internalization event. Accordingly, we show that activation of CXCR4 promotes the interaction between AIP4 and arrestin-2 that is consistent with a time when AIP4 co-localizes with arrestin-2 on endocytic vesicles. Taken together, our data suggest that the AIP4.arrestin-2 complex functions on endosomes to regulate sorting of CXCR4 into the degradative pathway.

Author List

Bhandari D, Trejo J, Benovic JL, Marchese A


Adriano Marchese PhD Professor in the Biochemistry department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Cell Line
Cell Membrane
Protein Binding
Protein Structure, Tertiary
RNA, Small Interfering
Receptors, CXCR4
Repressor Proteins
Transport Vesicles
Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases