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Reduced Prothrombinase Inhibition by Tissue Factor Pathway Inhibitor Contributes to the Factor V Leiden Hypercoagulable State. Blood Adv 2017 Feb 14;1(6):386-395



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2-s2.0-85039453564   8 Citations


Activated factor V (FVa) and factor X (FXa) form prothrombinase, which converts prothrombin to thrombin. The α isoform of tissue factor (TF) pathway inhibitor (TFPI) dampens early procoagulant events, partly by interacting with FV. FV Leiden (FVL) is the most common genetic thrombophilia in Caucasians. Thrombosis risk is particularly elevated in women with FVL taking oral contraceptives, which produce acquired TFPIα deficiency. In mice, FVL combined with 50% reduction in TFPI causes severe thrombosis and perinatal lethality. However, a possible interaction between FVL and TFPIα has not been defined in humans. Here, we examined this interaction using samples from patients with FVL in thrombin generation and fibrin formation assays. In dilute TF- or FXa-initiated reactions, these studies exposed a TFPI-dependent activation threshold for coagulation initiation that was greatly reduced by FVL. The reduced threshold was progressively overcome with higher concentrations of TF or FXa. Plasma assays using anti-TFPI antibodies or a TFPI peptide that binds and inhibits FVa demonstrated that the decreased activation threshold resulted from reduced TFPIα inhibition of prothrombinase. In assays using purified proteins, TFPIα was a 1.7-fold weaker inhibitor of prothrombinase assembled with FVL than with FV. Thus, FVL reduces the threshold for initiating coagulation, and this threshold is further reduced in situations of low TFPIα concentration. Individuals with FVL are likely prone to thrombosis in response to weak procoagulant stimuli that would not initiate blood clot formation in individuals with FV.

Author List

Wood JP, Baumann Kreuziger LM, Ellery PER, Maroney SA, Mast AE


Lisa M. Baumann Kreuziger MD Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin