Medical College of Wisconsin
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Potential role of network meta-analysis in value-based insurance design. Am J Manag Care 2014 Aug;20(8):641-8

Date

10/09/2014

Pubmed ID

25295678

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: Value-based insurance design (V-BID) has emerged as an approach to improve health outcomes and contain healthcare costs by encouraging use of high-value care. We estimated the impact of a V-BID for osteoporosis treatments using comparative effectiveness evidence and real-world data from a California health insurance plan to estimate the benefits of the design's implementation.

METHODS: This study consisted of 4 steps. First, we reviewed randomized clinical trials including osteoporosis treatments-alendronate, ibandronate, risedronate, raloxifene, and teriparatide-reported in a recent Agency for Health Research Quality systematic review. Second, we performed a network meta-analysis to synthesize data from the clinical trials and estimate the comparative effectiveness of included treatments. Third, we implemented a V-BID by removing co-payments for the most effective treatments. Fourth, using a Monte Carlo simulation, we estimated the impact of the V-BID in terms of fracture reduction and cost-savings.

RESULTS: Thirty-two randomized controlled trials were included in the network meta-analysis. We estimated that alendronate, risedronate, and teriparatide have the highest probability of being most effective across each fracture type-vertebral, hip, and nonvertebral/ nonhip. After eliminating co-payments, (ie, reducing them to zero), for these treatments, we estimated the health plan would experience a 7% (n = 287) decrease in fractures and an 8% ($6.8 million) decrease in costs.

CONCLUSIONS: Our study illustrates the benefits of comparative effectiveness evidence in V-BID development. We show that where clinical trials are lacking, network meta-analysis can provide valuable insights into the potential clinical and economic benefits of V-BID.

Author List

Chambers JD, Winn A, Zhong Y, Olchanski N, Cangelosi MJ

Author

Aaron Winn PhD Assistant Professor in the School of Pharmacy Administration department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

California
Comparative Effectiveness Research
Cost Savings
Humans
Insurance, Health
Meta-Analysis as Topic
Osteoporosis
Reimbursement, Incentive
Treatment Outcome
Value-Based Purchasing
jenkins-FCD Prod-482 91ad8a360b6da540234915ea01ff80e38bfdb40a