Medical College of Wisconsin
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Impact of exercise training on plasma adrenocorticotropin response to a well-learned vigilance task. Psychoneuroendocrinology 1990;15(5-6):453-62

Date

01/01/1990

Pubmed ID

1966301

DOI

10.1016/0306-4530(90)90068-k

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0025569662   31 Citations

Abstract

Plasma adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH), cortisol, heart rate, self-reported state anxiety and total reaction time responses in physically active (n = 8) and sedentary (n = 11) middle-aged men were compared during performance of a well-learned, psychologically challenging task. The groups were similar in age (active: 39.9 +/- 8.4 yr vs. sedentary: 44.4 +/- 7.2 yr) and trait anxiety (29.4 +/- 5.2 vs. 34.5 +/- 12.6), but they had different maximal oxygen consumption relative to lean body weight (68.6 +/- 7.1 vs. 44.7 +/- 4.6 ml.kg(-1).min(-1)). During performance of the psychological protocol, the total group had significant increases in heart rate and state anxiety, whereas both ACTH and cortisol remained near baseline levels. ACTH and cortisol were not different between the groups. The sedentary group exercise trained for 4 mo, which resulted in an 18% improvement in maximal aerobic capacity (vO2 max). Exercise intervention did not significantly alter the neuroendocrine response compared to pre-training values or compared to a corresponding control group. These findings suggest that enhanced cardiovascular fitness resulting from exercise training does not affect anterior pituitary-adrenocortical activity during performance of a practiced vigilance task.

Author List

Blaney J, Sothmann M, Raff H, Hart B, Horn T

Author

Hershel Raff PhD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
Adult
Aerobiosis
Anxiety
Attention
Cognition
Exercise
Heart Rate
Humans
Hydrocortisone
Learning
Male
Middle Aged
Psychomotor Performance
Reaction Time
jenkins-FCD Prod-484 8aa07fc50b7f6d102f3dda2f4c7056ff84294d1d