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Cooperative interaction among BMAL1, HSF1, and p53 protects mammalian cells from UV stress. Commun Biol 2018;1:204

Date

11/28/2018

Pubmed ID

30480104

Pubmed Central ID

PMC6250677

DOI

10.1038/s42003-018-0209-1

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-85066236743   6 Citations

Abstract

The circadian clock allows physiological systems to adapt to their changing environment by synchronizing their timings in response to external stimuli. Previously, we reported clock-controlled adaptive responses to heat-shock and oxidative stress and showed how the circadian clock interacts with BMAL1 and HSF1. Here, we present a similar clock-controlled adaptation to UV damage. In response to UV irradiation, HSF1 and tumor suppressor p53 regulate the expression of the clock gene Per2 in a time-dependent manner. UV irradiation first activates the HSF1 pathway, which subsequently activates the p53 pathway. Importantly, BMAL1 regulates both HSF1 and p53 through the BMAL1-HSF1 interaction to synchronize the cellular clock. Based on these findings and transcriptome analysis, we propose that the circadian clock protects cells against the UV stress through sequential and hierarchical interactions between the circadian clock, the heat shock response, and a tumor suppressive mechanism.

Author List

Kawamura G, Hattori M, Takamatsu K, Tsukada T, Ninomiya Y, Benjamin I, Sassone-Corsi P, Ozawa T, Tamaru T

Author

Ivor J. Benjamin MD Center Director, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




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