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Evidence supporting functional rhinoplasty or nasal valve repair: A 25-year systematic review. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2008 Jul;139(1):10-20

Date

07/01/2008

Pubmed ID

18585555

DOI

10.1016/j.otohns.2008.02.007

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the existing literature supporting the efficacy of modern-day rhinoplasty techniques for treatment of nasal obstruction due to nasal valve compromise.

DATA SOURCES: PubMed search of the English-language literature from January 1982 to August 2007 combined with manual review of citations within article bibliographies.

REVIEW METHODS: A systematic review of the literature for the targeted objective was conducted. Citations acquired from the targeted search were filtered and primary articles were reviewed to abstract information including interventions and outcome measures. Articles were then assigned level-of-evidence grades as defined by the Oxford Centre for Evidence-Based Medicine.

RESULTS: A total of 861 citations were generated and 291 abstracts were identified as potentially relevant articles. Of these abstracts, 82 articles merited full-text review. A total of 44 articles met inclusion criteria. The majority of the studies were classified as level 4 evidence, and only two studies met level 2b criteria. There was considerable variation in the quality of the studies within the level 4 category. All articles generally supported the effectiveness of functional rhinoplasty techniques for treatment of nasal obstruction.

CONCLUSIONS: There is substantial level 4 evidence to support the efficacy of modern-day rhinoplasty techniques for treatment of nasal obstruction due to nasal valve collapse. More recent studies have incorporated validated patient-reported outcome measures, with more rigorous statistical analysis. Future study design improvements include the use of comparison cohorts and incorporating standardized objective outcome measures.

Author List

Rhee JS, Arganbright JM, McMullin BT, Hannley M

Author

John S. Rhee MD Chair, Professor in the Otolaryngology department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Evidence-Based Medicine
Nasal Obstruction
Rhinoplasty
Treatment Outcome
jenkins-FCD Prod-486 e3098984f26de787f5ecab75090d0a28e7f4f7c0