Medical College of Wisconsin
CTSICores SearchResearch InformaticsREDCap

Role of hilar nerve afferents in hyperpnea of exercise. J Appl Physiol (1985) 1985 Sep;59(3):798-806

Date

09/01/1985

Pubmed ID

4055569

DOI

10.1152/jappl.1985.59.3.798

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0022379815   16 Citations

Abstract

The objective of this study was to determine the role of hilar nerve (lung vagal) afferents in the hyperpnea of exercise. Ten ponies were studied before and 2-4 wk and 3-12 mo after sectioning only the hilar branches of the vagus nerves (HND). After HND, lung volume feedback to the medullary centers was attenuated as indicated in the anesthetized state by 1) attenuation or absence of the Hering-Breuer inflation reflex (P less than 0.01) and 2) attenuation of the lengthened inspiratory time (TI) when the airway was occluded at end expiration (P less than 0.01). Moreover, after HND in the awake state, there was an increase in the ratio of TI to total cycle time (P less than 0.01). These changes verify a compromise in lung innervation comparable to cervical vagotomy. Resting arterial PCO2, PO2, and pH were not altered following HND (P greater than 0.10). Moreover, at three levels of mild and moderate treadmill exercise, no difference in either the temporal pattern or the absolute levels of arterial blood gases and arterial pH was found between pre- and post-HND studies (P greater than 0.10). In addition, minute ventilation (VE) at rest and during exercise was not altered by HND (P greater than 0.10). However, 2-4 wk after HND the increase in breathing frequency (f) during exercise was less, whereas the increase in tidal volume during exercise was greater than pre-HND (P less than 0.05). The reduced f was due to an increase in TI with no change in expiratory time. We conclude that lung afferents via the hilar nerves influence the pattern of breathing at rest and during exercise in ponies.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Author List

Flynn C, Forster HV, Pan LG, Bisgard GE

Author

Hubert V. Forster PhD Professor in the Physiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Afferent Pathways
Animals
Blood Gas Analysis
Body Temperature
Carotid Body
Chemoreceptor Cells
Female
Horses
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Lung
Lung Compliance
Male
Physical Exertion
Reflex
Respiration
Vagus Nerve
jenkins-FCD Prod-400 0f9a74600e4e79798f8fa6f545ea115f3dd948b2