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Hepatitis C/HIV co-infection is associated with higher mortality in hospitalized patients with hepatitis C or HIV. J Viral Hepat 2010 Oct;17(10):720-9

Date

12/17/2009

Pubmed ID

20002558

DOI

10.1111/j.1365-2893.2009.01232.x

Scopus ID

2-s2.0-77956630100   13 Citations

Abstract

Up to 10% of all patients with Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection are co-infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); 25-30% of HIV patients are co-infected with HCV. The aim of this study was to examine the association of HCV/HIV co-infection with outcomes of hospitalized patients compared to those with HCV or HIV monoinfection. Using the 2006 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, patients with HCV or HIV monoinfection or HCV/HIV co-infection were identified using ICD-9-CM codes. We compared liver-related and infection-related admission between the three groups of patients. Multivariate logistic regression was performed to identify independent predictors of in-hospital mortality. A total of 474,843 discharges with HCV monoinfection, 206,758 with HIV monoinfection and 56,304 with HCV/HIV co-infection were included. Liver-related admissions were more common in co-infected patients (15.4%) compared to those with HIV monoinfection (3.3%, P < 0.001). Primary infectious hospitalizations were more common in HIV monoinfection (33.9%) compared to co-infected patients (26%, P < 0.001). HCV/HIV co-infection was associated with higher mortality compared to HCV monoinfection (OR 1.41, 95% CI 1.20-1.65) but not when compared to monoinfected-HIV patients. HCV-associated cirrhosis or complications thereof conferred four times greater mortality risk in patients with HIV (OR 3.96, 95% CI 3.29-4.79). The rate of hospitalization for HCV/HIV co-infected patients (23.5%) was significantly higher than those with HCV (14.8%) or HIV (19.9%) (P < 0.001). HCV/HIV co-infection is associated with significantly higher rates of hospitalization and is a risk factor for in-hospital mortality compared to patients with isolated HCV.

Author List

Ananthakrishnan AN, McGinley EL, Fangman J, Saeian K

Authors

John Fangman MD Director, Associate Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Kia Saeian MD Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin




MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adolescent
Adult
Aged
Aged, 80 and over
Female
HIV Infections
Hepatitis C
Hospital Mortality
Hospitalization
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Young Adult
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