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Endotoxemia and remote organ injury following intestinal reperfusion. J Surg Res 1994 Jun;56(6):571-8 PMID: 8015313

Pubmed ID



This study addresses the hypothesis that endotoxin (LPS) is an important proximal mediator of remote organ dysfunction following intestinal reperfusion. Sprague-Dawley rats underwent intestinal ischemia for 120 min followed by 60 min of reperfusion (IIR). Animals underwent pretreatment with polymyxin B (PMB, 200 micrograms, sc) or the induction of tolerance to LPS prior to assignment to the IIR or sham group. Controls received equal volumes of normal saline. Lung and intestinal injury was quantitated using an edema index. Bile flow was quantitated by measuring the volume of bile produced per 15 min. The intestinal edema index of IIR animals pretreated with PMB was nearly 50% less than that of saline-treated animals sustaining the same injury (P < 0.05). The induction of LPS tolerance reduced the edema index of IIR animals by 28% compared to the saline-treated IIR group (P < 0.05). Neither treatment reduced this parameter to that of sham-operated controls (P < 0.05). The lung edema index of animals pretreated with PMB was 50% of that of saline-treated IIR animals (P < 0.05). This remained significantly greater than that of sham-operated controls (P < 0.05). LPS tolerance did not affect the lung edema index of animals sustaining IIR. Bile flow rates following IIR were not significantly affected by PMB or LPS tolerance. These data do not support the hypothesis that LPS is an important proximal mediator of the remote organ injury associated with IIR. However, they do suggest that LPS may be one of many mediators responsible for this injury.

Author List

Turnage RH, Guice KS, Oldham KT


Keith T. Oldham MD Professor in the Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Drug Tolerance
Lung Injury
Polymyxin B
Rats, Sprague-Dawley
Reperfusion Injury
jenkins-FCD Prod-310 bff9d975ec7f2d302586822146c2801dd4449aad