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Effect of carotid chemoreceptor denervation on breathing during ventrolateral medullary cooling in goats. J Appl Physiol (1985) 1995 Oct;79(4):1120-8



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0028846639   17 Citations


It has been postulated that the so-called area S of the ventrolateral medulla (VLM) integrates peripheral chemoreceptor activity; thus cooling-induced dysfunction of neurons in this VLM area should functionally eliminate carotid chemoreceptor stimulation of breathing. Accordingly, carotid chemoreceptor denervation (CBD) should not alter the breathing effects of VLM neuronal dysfunction. To test this hypothesis in awake goats, chronically implanted thermodes were used to cool the VLM and thereby cause reversible neuronal dysfunction in all or portions of VLM areas M and S. Within 5 s after initiation of cooling approximately 60-100% of areas M and S in (P < 0.05) uniformly over conditions of eupnea, hypercapnia, and hypoxia. Between 10 and 20 s of cooling, the reduction in VI was approximately 10% greater (P < 0.05) during hypercapnia than during eupnea and hypoxia. For the remaining 10 s of cooling and for approximately 1 min after cooling, VI increased to and above control for all conditions. For all conditions, CBD accentuated the depression of VI during cooling, causing VI to decrease (P < 0.05) 10-40% more than before CBD. After CBD, the greatest effect on VI of cooling was again during hypercapnia. Thus the carotid bodies in intact goats appear to sense blood gas errors caused during VLM cooling to minimize the decreases in VI. We conclude that the data from this study do not support the concept that the VLM integrates carotid chemoreceptor activity.

Author List

Pan LG, Forster HV, Ohtake PJ, Lowry TF, Korducki MJ, Forster AL


Hubert V. Forster PhD Professor in the Physiology department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Blood Gas Analysis
Body Temperature
Carotid Arteries
Carotid Body
Cold Temperature
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Medulla Oblongata
Respiratory Mechanics
jenkins-FCD Prod-468 69a93cef3257f26b866d455c1d2b2d0f28382f14