Medical College of Wisconsin
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Flow in a catheterized curved artery with stenosis. J Biomech 1999 Jan;32(1):49-61



Pubmed ID




Scopus ID

2-s2.0-0032950593   78 Citations


The fluid mechanics of blood flow in a catheterized curved artery with stenosis is studied through a mathematical analysis. Blood is modelled as an incompressible Newtonian fluid and the flow is assumed to be steady and laminar. An approximate analytic solution to the problem is obtained through a double series perturbation analysis for the case of small curvature and mild stenosis. The effect of catheterization on various physiologically important flow characteristics (i.e. the pressure drop, impedance and the wall shear stress) is studied for different values of the catheter size and Reynolds number of the flow. It is found that all these flow characteristics vary markedly across a stenotic lesion. Also, increase in the catheter size leads to a considerable increase in their magnitudes. These results are used to obtain the estimates of increased pressure drop across an arterial stenosis when a catheter is inserted into it. Our calculations, based on the geometry and flow conditions existing in coronary arteries, suggest that, in the presence of curvature and stenosis, and depending on the value of k (ratio of catheter size to vessel size) ranging from 0.1 to 0.4, the pressure drop increases by a factor ranging from 1.60 to 5.16. But, in the absence of curvature and stenosis, with the same range of catheter size, this increased factor is about 1.74-4.89. These estimates for the increased pressure drop can be used to correct the error involved in the measured pressure gradients using catheters. The combined effects of stenosis and curvature on flow characteristics are also studied in detail. It is found that the effect of stenosis is more dominant than that of the curvature. Due to the combined effect of stenosis, curvature and catheterization, the secondary streamlines are modified in a cross-sectional plane. The insertion of a catheter into the artery leads to the formation of increased number of secondary vortices.

Author List

Dash RK, Jayaraman G, Mehta KN


Ranjan K. Dash PhD Professor in the Biomedical Engineering department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Blood Flow Velocity
Blood Pressure
Constriction, Pathologic
Models, Cardiovascular
Regional Blood Flow
Stress, Mechanical
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