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Graft-versus-host disease in children who have received a cord-blood or bone marrow transplant from an HLA-identical sibling. Eurocord and International Bone Marrow Transplant Registry Working Committee on Alternative Donor and Stem Cell Sources. N Engl J Med 2000 Jun 22;342(25):1846-54 PMID: 10861319

Pubmed ID

10861319

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Umbilical-cord blood as an alternative to bone marrow for hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation may lower the risk of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD).

METHODS: We studied the records of 113 recipients of cord blood from HLA-identical siblings from the period from 1990 through 1997 and compared them with the records of 2052 recipients of bone marrow from HLA-identical siblings during the same period. The study population consisted of children 15 years of age or younger. We compared the rates of GVHD, hematopoietic recovery, and survival using Cox proportional-hazards regression to adjust for potentially confounding factors.

RESULTS: Recipients of cord blood were younger than recipients of bone marrow (median age, 5 years vs. 8 years; P<0.001), weighed less (median weight, 17 kg vs. 26 kg; P<0.001), and were less likely to have received methotrexate for prophylaxis against GVHD (28 percent vs. 65 percent, P<0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated a lower risk of acute GVHD (relative risk, 0.41; P=0.001) and chronic GVHD (relative risk, 0.35; P=0.02) among recipients of cord-blood transplants. As compared with recovery after bone marrow transplantation, the likelihood of recovery of the neutrophil count and the platelet count was significantly lower in the first month after cord-blood transplantation (relative risk, 0.40 [P<0.001], and relative risk, 0.20 [P<0.001]), respectively. Mortality was similar in the two groups (relative risk of death in the recipients of cord blood, 1.15; P=0.43).

CONCLUSIONS: Recipients of cord-blood transplants from HLA-identical siblings have a lower incidence of acute and chronic GVHD than recipients of bone marrow transplants from HLA-identical siblings.

Author List

Rocha V, Wagner JE Jr, Sobocinski KA, Klein JP, Zhang MJ, Horowitz MM, Gluckman E

Authors

Mary M. Horowitz MD, MS Center Director, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mei-Jie Zhang PhD Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-0034702284   670 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Acute Disease
Adolescent
Bone Marrow Transplantation
Cause of Death
Child
Child, Preschool
Chronic Disease
Female
Fetal Blood
Graft vs Host Disease
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Histocompatibility Testing
Humans
Infant
Male
Multivariate Analysis
Nuclear Family
Proportional Hazards Models
Retrospective Studies
Survival Analysis
jenkins-FCD Prod-331 a335b1a6d1e9c32173c9534e6f6ff51494143916