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Effect of acute and chronic GVHD on relapse and survival after reduced-intensity conditioning allogeneic transplantation for myeloma. Bone Marrow Transplant 2012 Jun;47(6):831-7 PMID: 21946381 PMCID: PMC3369112

Pubmed ID

21946381

Abstract

We evaluated the effect of acute and chronic GVHD on relapse and survival after allogeneic hematopoietic SCT (HSCT) for multiple myeloma using non-myeloablative conditioning (NMA) and reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC). The outcomes of 177 HLA-identical sibling HSCT recipients between 1997 and 2005, following NMA (n=98) or RIC (n=79) were analyzed. In 105 patients, autografting was followed by planned NMA/RIC allogeneic transplantation. The impact of GVHD was assessed as a time-dependent covariate using Cox models. The incidence of acute GVHD (aGVHD; grades I-IV) was 42% (95% confidence interval (CI), 35-49%) and of chronic GVHD (cGVHD) at 5 years was 59% (95% CI, 49-69%), with 70% developing extensive cGVHD. In multivariate analysis, aGVHD (≥ grade I) was associated with an increased risk of TRM (relative risk (RR)=2.42, P=0.016), whereas limited cGVHD significantly decreased the risk of myeloma relapse (RR=0.35, P=0.035) and was associated with superior EFS (RR=0.40, P=0.027). aGVHD had a detrimental effect on survival, especially in those receiving autologous followed by allogeneic HSCT (RR=3.52, P=0.001). The reduction in relapse risk associated with cGVHD is consistent with a beneficial graft-vs-myeloma effect, but this did not translate into a survival advantage.

Author List

Ringdén O, Shrestha S, da Silva GT, Zhang MJ, Dispenzieri A, Remberger M, Kamble R, Freytes CO, Gale RP, Gibson J, Gupta V, Holmberg L, Lazarus H, McCarthy P, Meehan K, Schouten H, Milone GA, Lonial S, Hari PN

Authors

Parameswaran Hari MD Chief, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mei-Jie Zhang PhD Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-84862177965   21 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Acute Disease
Adult
Aged
Chronic Disease
Disease-Free Survival
Female
Graft vs Host Disease
Graft vs Tumor Effect
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Multiple Myeloma
Retrospective Studies
Risk Factors
Survival Rate
Transplantation Conditioning
Transplantation, Homologous
jenkins-FCD Prod-296 4db9d02597e0a2e889e230f853b641c12f1c3ee3