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Antiandrogen monotherapy in patients with localized or locally advanced prostate cancer: final results from the bicalutamide Early Prostate Cancer programme at a median follow-up of 9.7 years. BJU Int 2010 Apr;105(8):1074-81 PMID: 22129214

Pubmed ID

22129214

DOI

10.1111/j.1464-410X.2010.09319.x

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of bicalutamide 150 mg once-daily as immediate hormonal therapy in patients with prostate cancer or as adjuvant to radical prostatectomy or radiotherapy.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: In all, 8113 patients with localized (T1-2, N0/Nx) or locally advanced (T3-4, any N; or any T, N+) prostate cancer (all M0) were enrolled in three complementary, double-blind, placebo-controlled trials. Patients were randomized to receive standard care plus either oral bicalutamide 150 mg once-daily or oral placebo. Primary endpoints were progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS). Data were collated from individual trials and evaluated in a combined analysis.

RESULTS: Overall, at a median follow-up of 9.7 years, bicalutamide significantly improved PFS (hazard ratio 0.85, 95% confidence interval 0.79-0.91; P= 0.001). Compared with placebo there was no difference in OS (hazard ratio 1.01, P= 0.77). Patients who derived benefit from bicalutamide in terms of PFS were those with locally advanced disease, with OS significantly favouring bicalutamide in patients with locally advanced disease undergoing radiotherapy (P= 0.031). Patients with localized disease showed no clinically or statistically significant improvements in PFS; there was a survival trend in favour of placebo in patients with localized disease undergoing watchful waiting (P= 0.054). The overall tolerability of bicalutamide was consistent with previous analyses, with breast pain (73.7%) and gynaecomastia (68.8%) the most frequently reported adverse events in patients randomized to bicalutamide.

CONCLUSIONS: Bicalutamide 150 mg, either as monotherapy or adjuvant to standard care, improved PFS in patients with locally advanced prostate cancer, but not in patients with localized disease. A pre-planned subset analysis showed a benefit for OS in patients with locally advanced disease undergoing radiotherapy. Bicalutamide 150 mg might represent an alternative for patients with locally advanced prostate cancer considering androgen-deprivation therapy.

Author List

Iversen P, McLeod DG, See WA, Morris T, Armstrong J, Wirth MP, Casodex Early Prostate Cancer Trialists' Group

Author

William A. See MD Chair, Professor in the Urologic Surgery department at Medical College of Wisconsin




Scopus

2-s2.0-77950217230   59 Citations

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Adult
Aged
Androgen Antagonists
Anilides
Antineoplastic Agents
Disease-Free Survival
Double-Blind Method
Drug Administration Schedule
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Kaplan-Meier Estimate
Male
Middle Aged
Nitriles
Prostatic Neoplasms
Tosyl Compounds
jenkins-FCD Prod-336 69ef4a6b262d135130251597d5d39873903802b5