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Hematopoietic cell transplantation for primary plasma cell leukemia: results from the Center for International Blood and Marrow Transplant Research. Leukemia 2012 May;26(5):1091-7 PMID: 22042147 PMCID: PMC3274611

Pubmed ID



There are limited data on hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in primary plasma cell leukemia (pPCL), an aggressive plasma cell disorder. We report outcomes of 147 patients with pPCL receiving autologous (n=97) or allogeneic (n=50) HCT within 18 months after diagnosis between 1995 and 2006. Median age was 56 years and 48 years for autologous HCT and allogeneic HCT, respectively. Progression-free survival (PFS) at 3 years was 34% (95% confidence interval (CI), 23-46%) in the autologous group and 20% (95% CI, 10-34%) in the allogeneic group. Cumulative incidence of relapse at 3 years was 61% (95% CI, 48-72%) in the autologous group and 38% (95% CI, 25-53%) in the allogeneic group. Overall survival (OS) at 3 years was 64% (95% CI, 52-75%) in the autologous group and 39% (95% CI, 26-54%) in the allogeneic group. Non-relapse mortality (NRM) at 3 years was 5% (95% CI, 1-11%) in the autologous group and 41% (95% CI, 28-56%) in the allogeneic group. The encouraging OS after autologous HCT, establishes the safety and feasibility of this consolidative treatment option after initial induction therapy for pPCL. Allogeneic HCT, although associated with a significantly lower relapse rate, carries a much higher risk of NRM and no OS benefit.

Author List

Mahindra A, Kalaycio ME, Vela-Ojeda J, Vesole DH, Zhang MJ, Li P, Berenson JR, Bird JM, Dispenzieri A, Gajewski JL, Gale RP, Holmberg L, Kumar S, Kyle RA, Lazarus HM, Lonial S, Mikhael J, Milone GA, Munker R, Nath R, Saccaro S, To LB, Vogl DT, Wirk B, Hari P


Parameswaran Hari MD Chief, Professor in the Medicine department at Medical College of Wisconsin
Mei-Jie Zhang PhD Professor in the Institute for Health and Equity department at Medical College of Wisconsin

MESH terms used to index this publication - Major topics in bold

Cohort Studies
Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation
Leukemia, Plasma Cell
Middle Aged
jenkins-FCD Prod-297 dff1a717c492f00bf6291286365f1f4fe95208f1